A root canal is a procedure in which decayed pulp is extracted from the central part of the tooth. The canal is then reshaped and refilled with strengthening filler.
A cavity is caused by acids breaking down the enamel of the tooth. If there is no intervention – namely, with a filling – the decay can burrow deeper into the tooth, causing extensive damage to the tooth structure. If the damage goes beyond what a filling can treat, the solution is a root canal (or endodontics). This procedure preserves the tooth, retaining its original integrity and thus saves a tooth that otherwise would have needed pulling.
-Anesthesia is administered to the patient.
-A dental dam is used to isolate the tooth.
-The tooth is opened in order for the infected or dead dental pulp to be removed.
-The tooth is thoroughly cleaned, both on the surface and within any cracks and canals.
-Using special tools, the dentist reshapes the canals, then fills in the tooth again with cutting-edge biocompatible filling material.
-The access opening is covered using a temporary covering.
-Patients MUST see their regular dentist as soon as possible for permanent restoration of the tooth.